Upland paddy rice vs Wet paddy rice

Rice BlueBonnet Oryza sativa   
This is a  traditional rice grown by native Mayan people who called it "Blue Bonnet." Collected by Mennonite farmers who have a community near Belmopan, it was given to them by their Mayan neighbors in the town of Armenia, Belize. It is an upland rice variety and  does not need to be flooded. It can be grown in regular garden soil. The rice should be planted in a bed after last frost in rich soil,  5 to 6 inches apart both ways. If planted in rows, the rice should be 2 to 3 inches apart with 1 to 2 feet between plants. It is important to keep the weeds down and keep the soil moist.

Koshihikari Oryza sativa japonica
This is a premium Japanese short grain rice that is distinguished by its aroma, sweet flavor and texture. It is an early maturing semi-dwarf variety that has been grown successfully in the United States since 1991. Dried stalks are beautiful displayed in flower arrangements. Leaves and hulls are rough. It is a warm season annual that can be  planted in late spring to early summer and grown in a flooded paddy. Maturity: Approx. 160 days.



The life starts germinating

Photo Credit:  Davide Mantovani

Photo Credit: Davide Mantovani

We returned to the rice paddy after 20 days of sowing. We had left a mirror of water but the paddy field is empty. Has something been added or did someone brake a bank? No, everything is ok! It is a normal rice cultivation practices. In fact, the water is not always present in paddy field. Along the rice grow, water could be added to raise or be reduced to lower. The most visible drying of rice field calls “Prima Sutta” in Italian local language which is crucial for rice. Now, I could describe why.
After 10-15 days, true leaves have emerged on rice seedling and thin white roots have stretched. Rice seedling roots start to anchor to the soil, they are not necessary to reach out to blew the surface of soil on this stage. Water is the main key here because rice seedling roots are looking for water and try to anchor down. This stage is very important because if rice seedlings doesn’t want to ground, they could be floated away by waves and wind. This is same fundamental when you built house, you need to have a solid foundation. Rice seedlings have to have sturdy feet to grow as a strong plant. When you hold rice seedling with white roots and small green leave will envision the full grains of rice paddies. This time of rice paddies is brown field with little green dots which the life starts germinating.



Did you know?


Dragonflies are important predators of insects in the ecosystems in which they live. Both the larvae and adult eat large numbers of insect pests, such as mosquitoes.  The saddlebags in turn,  are the food source for predatory fish and birds in rice paddies.

The Black saddlebag (Tramea lacerata) is a species of skimmer dragonfly found throughout much of Mexico and the United States. It has distinctive wings with characteristic black blotches at their proximal ends, which make them look like they're wearing saddlebags.

Black saddlebag adults and larvae are  important indicators of healthy, aquatic habitats. The saddlebag dragonfly prefers slow moving bodies of water to safely lay their eggs,  like those found in ditches, ponds, small lakes, wetlands and Rice Paddies.